2019年上半年学位英语考试模拟试题及答案12_河南继续教育网
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首 页 -> 成人学位外语 -> 2019年上半年学位英语考试模拟试题及答案12
2019年上半年学位英语考试模拟试题及答案12
发布者:admin     浏览次数:264     发布时间:2019-7-24
2019年上半年学位英语考试模拟试题及答案12

词汇与结构

1. Our house is about a mile from the railway station and there are not many houses __A____.

我们家离火车站大概一英里左右,而且中间房子不多。

A. in between B. far apart C. among them D. from each other

2. On average, a successful lawyer has to talk to several ___D___ a day.

一般一个成功的律师一天要接待好几个委托人。

A. customers B. supporters C. guests D. clients

3. People at the party worried about him, because no one was aware __A_____ he had gone.

晚会上的人都为他担忧,因为没人知道他去哪儿了。

A. of where B. of the place where C. where D. the place

4. Professor Smith promised to look __B____ my paper, that is, to read it carefully before the defense.

史密斯教授已经答应帮我看一下我的论文,这就是说要在答辩前在仔细看一下。

A. after B. over C. on D. into

5. The girl is __B____ of a film star. 这个女孩有点像一位电影明星。

A. somebody B. something C. anybody D. anyone

6. The young lady coming over to us __A____ our English teacher; the way she walks tells us that!

那个正朝我们走来的年轻女子肯定是我们的英语老师;她走路的样子就告诉我们了。

A. must be B. can be C. would be D. could be

7. The atmosphere ___C___ certain gases mixed together in definite proportions.

大气是由多种气体以一定的比例混合而成的。

A. composes of B. is made up C. consists of D. makes up of

8. ___A___ the War of Independence, the United States was an English colony.

在独立战争以前,美国时英国的一个殖民地。

A. Before B. At C. In D. Between

9. __C_____ these honors he received a sum of money. 除了这些荣誉外,他还得到了一笔钱。

A. Except B. But C. Besides D. Outside

10. Therefore, other things ____C_____ equal, the number of workers that employers want decreases.

因此,其他方面都平等,但雇主需要的工人减少了。

A. is B. are C. being D. having

11. The manager will not __D_____ us to use his car. 经理不准我们用他的车。

A. have B. let C. agree D. allow

12. Two days is not enough for him to finish the work. He needs ___D____ day.

两天时间他完成不了这项工作,还需要一天。

A. other B. the other C. the third D. a third

13. The red flower goes from one to __C_____ in the class. 教室里,红花从一个人传到另一个人。

A. the other B. others C. another D. other

14. The computer system __A_____ suddenly while he was searching for information on the Internet.

在他上网查找资料的时候计算机系统突然瘫痪。

A. broke down B. broke out C. broke up D. broke in

15. There’s lots of fruit __D_____ the tree. Our little cat is also in the tree.

树上长了许多果实。我们的小猫也在树上。

A. in B. at C. under D. on

16. The students were all entertained in a Mexican restaurant, at Professor Brian’s __C____.

布朗教授在一家墨西哥餐厅请学生吃饭。

A. money B. pay C. expense D. loss

17. This kind of material expands __C_____ the temperature increasing. 这种材料随温度的提高而膨胀。

A. to B. for C. with D. at

18. Tom, what did you do with my documents? I have never seen such a ___B___ and disorder!

汤姆,你拿你的文件在干什么?我从来没见到这么乱过。

A. mass B. mess C. guess D. bus

19. When Lily came home at 5 p.m. yesterday, her mother ___B___ dinner in the kitchen.

莉莉昨天五点钟回家时,她妈妈正在厨房里做晚饭。

A. cooked B. was cooking C. cooks D. has cooked

20. While I was in the university, I learned taking a photo, ___B____ is very useful now for me.

我在大学里学会了照相,现在对我很有用。

A. it B. which C. that D. what

阅读理解

Passage 1

Community service is an important component of education here at our university. We encourage all students to volunteer for at least one community activity before they graduate. A new community program called “One On One” helps elementary students who’ve fallen behind. Your education majors might be especially interested in it because it offers the opportunity to do some teaching, that is, tutoring in math and English.

社区服务是我们大学教育的一个重要的部分。我们鼓励所有的学生在毕业前至少从事一项社区活动。一项新的叫做“一对一”的社区计划是用于帮助那些落后的小学生的。读教育专业的学生也许对这项计划尤其感兴趣,因为它为你提供了教学(教数学和英语)的机会。

You’d have to volunteer two hours a week for one semester. You can choose to help a child with math, English, or both. Half-hour lessons are fine, so you could do a half hour of each subject two days a week.

你在一个学期内每周得自愿工作两小时。你可以选择教小孩数学,英语,或两者都教。一节课半小时比较好,因此你可以每周教两天,每次每门课半小时。

Professor Dodge will act as a mentor to the tutors — he’ll be available to help you with lesson plans or to offer suggestions for activities. He has office hours every Tuesday and Thursday afternoon. You can sign up for the program with him and begin the tutoring next week.

道奇教授将担任这些家庭教师的顾问。他会帮你制订教学计划或提供活动的建议。他的办公时间是每周二和周四下午。你可以在他那签约参与这个计划并于下周开始工作。

I’m sure you’ll enjoy this community service … and you’ll gain valuable experience at the same time. It looks good on your resume, too, showing that you’ve had experience with children and that you care about your community. If you’d like to sign up, or if you have any questions, stop by Professor Dodge’s office this week. (220 words)

我确信你会喜欢这项社区服务,同时你也能获得宝贵的经验。能在你的简历上表明你有教孩子的经验而且你能关心你的社区,应该是很不错的一件事。如果你愿意签约或如果你有任何问题,于本周前往道奇教授的办公室。

1. What is the purpose of the talk? ___B_________ 这段话的目的是什么?

A. To explain a new requirement for graduation.

B. To interest students in a new community program. 是为了使学生们对一项新的社区计划感兴趣。

C. To discuss the problems of elementary school students.

D. To recruit elementary school teachers for a special program.

2. What is the purpose of the program that the speaker describes? ___C_________

讲话人所说的这项计划的目的是什么?

A. To find jobs for graduating students.

B. To help education majors prepare for final exams.

C. To offer tutorials to elementary school students. 为小学生提供家教服务。

D. To provide funding for a community service project.

3. What does Professor Dodge do? _____A_______道奇教授是干什么的?

A. He advises students to participate in certain program. 他为学生参加某项计划提供建议。

B. He teaches part-time in an elementary school.

C. He observes elementary school students in the classroom.

D. He helps students prepare their resumes.

4. What should students who are interested in the tutorials do? ___D_________

对家教有兴趣的学生应该怎么做?

A. Contact the elementary school.

B. Sign up for a special class.

C. Submit a resume to the dean.

D. Talk to Professor Dodge. 和道奇教授谈谈。

5. Whom do you think the speaker addresses? ____B________

你认为说话者是在对谁说这些话的。 学生。

A. Faculty. B. Students. C. Residents D. Graduated students.

Passage 2

How men first learnt to invent words is unknown; in other words, the origin of language is a mystery. All we really know is that men, unlike animals, somehow invented certain sounds to express thought and feelings, actions and things, so that they could communicate with each other; and that later they agreed upon certain signs, called letters, which could be combined to present those sounds, and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken or written in letters, we call words.

人们最初是如何发明单词的不得而知,换句话说,语言的起源是个秘密。所有我们所知道的只是,人,不同于动物,不知怎么发明了某些声音来表达思想、情感、行为和物质,以便相互交流;后来统一了某些被称为字母的符号,这些字母可以连起来代表那些声音,可以写下来。我们把那些声音叫做单词,不管他们是口语还是书面语。

The power of words, then, lies in their associations-the thing they bring up before our minds. Words become filled with meaning for us by experience; and the longer we live, the more certain words recall to us the glad and sad events of our past; and the more we read and learn, the more the number of words that mean something increases.

文字的力量在于其联系性-它们把这些联系性带到我们的头脑中。通过经历,单词对我们充满了意义。我们活得越久,某些单词就越能使我们回忆起过去的喜怒哀乐;我们越是阅读和学习,有意义的单词数量就越增加。

Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which appeal powerfully to our minds and emotions. This charming and telling use of words is what we call literary style. Above all, the real poet is a master of words. He can convey his meaning in words which sing like music and which by their position and association can move men to tears. We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or they will make our speech silly and vulgar.

伟大的作家是那些不仅具有伟大思想而且能用词汇来表达这些思想的人,他们的思想强烈地震撼着我们的心灵和情感。单词的这种美妙和寓意用法就是我们所谓的文学性。总之,真正的诗人是文字的掌握着。他可以用音乐般的词汇来表达自己的意思,这些词汇凭借其所用环境和联系性能让人感动得流泪。因此,我们应该学会仔细选择所用词汇并准确使用,否则会使我们说的话可笑又粗俗。

1. The origin of language is __D_____. 语言的起源是:

A. a legend handed down from the past B. a matter that is hidden or secret

C. a question difficult to answer D. a problem not yet solved一个还未解决的问题

2. What is true about words? 关于词汇哪一项是对的?C

A. They are used to express feelings only. B. They can not be written down.

C. They are simply sounds. 他们是简单的声音 D. They are mysterious.

3. The real power of words lies in their _______. 文字的真正力量在于其____D

A. properties B. characteristics

C. peculiarity D. representative function 代表功能

4. By “association”, the author means _______. 作者用“联系性”这个词指B

A. a special quality B. a joining of ideas in the mind头脑中思想的联接

C. an appearance which is puzzling D. a strange feature

5. Which of the following statements about the real poet is NOT true?

关于真正的诗人下列哪项不正确?A

A. He is no more than a master of words. 他只不过是一个文字的掌握者。

B. He can convey his ideas in words which sing like music.

C. He can move men to tears. D. His style is always charming.

英译汉

1. A lot of natural resources in the mountain area are to be exploited and used.

1. 那个山区有许多自然资源有待于开发利用。

2. All that glitters is not gold.

2. 闪光的东西,未必都是金子。

3. Apples here like water and sunshine.

3. 这里的苹果喜欢水和阳光。

4. As is known to all, China is a developing country.

4. 众所周知,中国是一个发展中国家。

5. Bill hit his car into a wall last night.

5. 昨晚比尔开车时车撞到了墙上。

6. Each time history repeats itself, the price goes up.

6. 历史每重演一次,代价就增加(一分)。

7. Fred was such a hardworking student that he soon came our first in the class.

7. 弗莱德是一个学习十分用功的学生,以至于不久他就成了班里学习最好的学生。

8 He has taught English in this university ever since he moved to this city.

8. 自从他来到这座城市就在这所大学里任教。

9. In Foreign Languages Department, a checking machine is used to correct the students’ test papers.

9. 在外语系,用阅卷机给学生阅卷。

10. In an age of plenty, we feel spiritual hunger.

10. 在这个物质财富充裕的时代,我们感到精神上的饥渴。

11. In no other country in the world can you find such plants as this one.

11. 像这种植物在世界上的其他任何一个国家中都找不到。

12. I was having a nap when suddenly the telephone rang.

12. 我在睡觉时,电话铃突然响了。

13. If you decided to learn a new language, you would have to dedicate yourself wholeheartedly to the cause.

13. 如果你决定学一门新的语言,你必须全身心地投入。

14. John and his brother differ in personality even if their differences in age are not significant.

14. 尽管约翰和他哥哥在年纪上相差不大,但他们的个性却不相同。

15. Please give this book to whoever comes first.

15. 请把这本书给最先来的人。

16.Ted and William have lived under the same roof for five years.

16. 泰德和威廉已经在同一个屋檐下生活了五年了。

17. The most common samples of inorganic materials are the gases of the atmosphere, water, rocks, etc.

17. 大气中的气体、水、岩石都是无机物中最普通的实例。

18. Tom’s father has taught English here since he graduated from Peking University.

18. 汤姆的父亲从北京大学毕业后就一直在这里教英语。

19. Though it was late, they kept on working.

19. 尽管已经很晚了,他们还在继续工作。

20. The students are encouraged by their teacher to do more listening, reading and writing.

20. 老师鼓励学生多听,多读,多写。

21. There is a large amount of energy wasted due to friction.

21. 由于摩擦而损耗了大量的能量。

22. This place has plentiful material resources.

22. 这个地方的物质资源是丰富的。

23. The more passions we have, the more happiness we are likely to experience.

23. 我们的激情越多,我们有可能体验到的快乐就越多。

24. Transistors are small in size and light in weight.

24.晶体管的体积小,重量轻。

25. Various substances differ widely in their magnetic characteristics.

25. 各种材料的磁性有很大的不同。

26. Would you please help me with this heavy box?

26. 你能帮我抬一下这个很沉的箱子吗?

27. You needn’t go there anymore. He already knows about it.

27. 你不必去了,他已经知道那件事了。
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